In Israel tens of thousands of workers are employed to clean in private homes. These workers come from a variety of backgrounds, and cleaners may be Israeli citizens with ID cards, migrant workers with valid or invalid visas, asylum seekers, those without status, refugees and more.
Kav LaOved assists 350 cleaning workers in private homes every month through reception hours in our office, as well as through social networks and a hotline operated by the organization. The nature of employing these workers is characterized by a lack of clear employment rules. Thus, the most common method of payment in the sector is payment in cash, with an agreement on the format of the transaction between the parties, often with the worker and employer not fluently speaking the same language. In light of the lack of clear employment rules as in most places of work in Israel, there is a clear lack of awareness on the part of employers to their obligations towards employees, such as social security payments, pensions, holiday payments, vacations and vacation pay, severance pay, etc.
The employers’ lack of awareness of their obligations towards the workers led to a significant increase in the number of cleaning workers in private homes that came to Kav LaOved, and therefore to an increase in claims against employers who violate the law. The main violations of cleaning workers’ rights in Kav LaOved are non-payment of social benefits, non-payment for National Insurance, non-payment of severance pay and advance notice, and more.
Kav LaOved seeks to promote the regulation of the employment of workers in cleaning private homes by signing labor contracts at the beginning of employment, which define the employment plan, requiring payslips, and raising the public’s awareness of the rights of workers and advocating policy related to the subject.