54% of the Arab population in Israel live under the poverty line. Gaps between Arab and Jewish workers in the labor market exist in almost every aspect: less participation in the Israeli labor force, lower monthly wages, and geographic restrictions forcing them to resort to blue collar work.
Approximately 24,600 migrant workers in Israel are employed in the agricultural sector. Each year Kav LaOved assists approximately 3,000 agricultural workers who are deprived of fair employment terms and conditions by informing them of their employment rights.
Israel's labor force of 3.5 million workers has a median salary of 6,426 NIS/month, exposing the large pay gaps in the labor market. 25% of workers are employed via outsourcing, and are exposed to exploitation and abuse of their social rights. Kav LaOved serves about 6,000 Israeli workers each year.
30,000 Palestinians from the OPT work in Israel, most in construction, and many in agriculture, industry, and service jobs. Another 30,000 work in Israeli settlements. KLO assists more than 3,000 Palestinian workers per year regarding various issues.
60,000 caregivers are currently employed in Israel, 80% of whom are female. These workers are exploited in various ways: complaints of violence, sexual harassment, working all day without rest, caring for the family members living with the patient, and more.
There are close to 57,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Israel, 50% from Eritrea and 25% from Sudan. These refugees work in various jobs, characterized by physical labor, long hours, and low salaries (often less than minimum wage).
Israel employs tens of thousands of housecleaners. Kav LaOved assists 350 housecleaners per month through reception in our office, social networking, and our hotline. Due to the nature of this field, where the work might be ad hoc, this sector presents unique challenges to workers.
In developed countries today, 1.5% of employees are hired with a contract. In Israel, contract employment constitutes approximately 5-10% of all employment in the labor market, of which 20% exists in the public sector.* Contract employment is most commonly executed through manpower agencies that mediate negotiation over employment terms between the employer and the employee. This negotiation can occur in many different ways, for example through companies whose services are provided for directly by its workers, or companies that outsource workers to secondary companies.